foundation installationProper foundation installation is key to the durability of any structure. Foundations serve as the basic building block for the structure and is important for the safety of the building (and everyone inside of it!). Whether you’re building from scratch, deciding to complete house elevation or house lifting, or moving a building entirely, it’s important to understand a few crucial components of foundation installation.

Because most civilians actually know very little about proper foundations, this article looks at a few different components and materials used in foundation installation.

Concrete
Concrete can be used for almost any type of building project, and it’s been a popular material for thousands of years. Thanks to its low cost and durability, concrete is one of the most popular materials to be used for foundations. The heavy duty material is typically used for the underground walls which make up the rest of a basement. Additionally, concrete is not only durable, but concrete repair is easily performed. If concrete is chosen as a foundation installation material, a wooden frame must be constructed first. The frame will serve as a base for the concrete to be poured into. After the concrete hardens, the wooden frame can be removed, leaving a solid concrete foundation in its place.

Concrete Blocks
Concrete blocks differ from concrete in that they are large, brick-like blocks made from concrete, instead of starting off as wet concrete. They are bigger than regular bricks, and while still heavy duty, they can be installed much faster. Additionally, concrete blocks are much lighter than would be expected, making them easy to move and install. They do come in varying thicknesses and durability, so it’s important to choose heavy duty concrete blocks. Another great thing about concrete blocks is that exterior-grade concrete blocks are frost-resistant, meaning they won’t get ruined if water gets inside and freezes.

Metal
Metal reinforcements are pretty typical when it comes to foundations. When using materials like concrete, metal reinforcements will be fixed into the concrete before it completely dries. In doing this, extra strength and support is added to the building’s foundation.

Wood
Many people don’t realize that wood can be a great material to create a sturdy base for a structure. While untreated wood is vulnerable to the elements, rot, and other forms of damage, there are other options. Pressure treated wood, which is filled with chemicals, will prevent the wood from rotting or being destroyed by pests. While most people think of concrete as their only option for foundations, wood can be a great alternative. Plus, wood beam repair is also relatively simple.

Bricks or Stones
Using bricks or stones will ensure your foundation is just as strong as one made from concrete. The only issue with bricks or stones is that these materials are more susceptible to water damage, since water can easily get into the gaps between the materials.

Of course, no materials are 100% immune to the effects of time, age, and water. That’s why no matter what kind of material you decide to use for a foundation, waterproofing and frequently checking the condition of the foundation will ensure it will last as long as possible. If there is any damage, especially if your foundation has cracks wider than one fourth of an inch, it’s important to take measures to conduct foundation repair as soon as possible.